Gillies, D. (1993). Philosophy of Science in the 20th Century: Four Central Themes. Oxford: Blackwell. Chapter 1, Some Historical Background: Inductivism, Russell and the Cambridge School, the Vienna Circle and Popper, pp. 3-__25. Chapter 2, Popper
Diana L. Ascher, PhD, MBA, is a principal at Stratelligence and a co-founder of the Information Ethics & Equity Institute. Her lifelong interest in knowledge and decision making has focused on the evaluation, classification, organization, communication, and interpretation of information, and motivates her work in the fields of behavioral science, finance, higher education, information studies, journalism, law, leadership, management, medicine, and policy. She brings more than two decades of experience as a writer, editor, media director, and information strategist to her work.