Media Archaeography, Ernst numbers as embedded in nature

**Pythagoras** http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pythagoras

father was a gem engraver; different geometric shapes for different gems; combined interest in mathematics and science

sees the nature of reality as mathematical

math is the basis of everything, like music, fate of our souls after death

the concept of number at the heart of his philosophy

verticies, faces, edges, ratios

much was influenced by astrology (from Babylon) each zodiac sign linked to a stone

believed earth was spherical and revolved around an unseen fire along with the sun, moon, and planets

mathematical relationship between the length of air/string and the pitch ratio

the theory that the universe was controlled by rational numbers was challenged by the introduction of irrational numbers

square root of two caused big problems--can’t be expressed in terms of whole numbers--source of scandal and shock

Pythagoras had a sort of religious sect

one who revealed irrational numbers gets drowned (myth)

scale of reward and punishment after death

took ideas from an ancient religious sect associated with Orpheus

MT: this rational accounting must explain some sort of justice (reward and punishment)

Orphics first developed soul and its relation to the body; transmigration of souls

Plato describes reincarnations

Dr. Jimmy Doyle University of Bristol

soul as sthg that can travel between bodies: immaterial, can inhabit one body or another

others (Democratus) the soul is an interior part of the body; soul as material aspect of the body made up of superfine particles

5^{th} c BC

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