IS298 Class Notes

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120912 IS298 class notes

Evidence of me

Peter Scott started thinking abt the continuum
research design Mckemmish
rkkg is a kind of witnessing a way of evidencing and memorializing  life
fictional and nnfitional accts
main research questions
characterisitcs of rkkg of individuals

the very first one asking about personal archives and rkkg
rkkg caame out of govt backgrounds, so never addressed

understand the context of the personal record creator, dynamics of that went into creating the records

what is "us"she doesn't define

rkkg behavior: characteristics and cultures
how can archivists intervene in personal rkkg

business rkkg influenced by personal rkkg
1990s onward biz and personal mixed together

my theory that records of prominent figures became "celebretized" an much more accessible through media, freedom of info and advanced technology. now anyone can put together personal archives

characteristics of recordkeepers

research method: narrative; postmodern narrativity; using storytelling to explain the metanarrative

the ways that rkkg is culturally represented. collective repesentation f the way that rkk functions and how that can influence archival practice

how you represent your own life

parallel work: Duff and literary warrant. different meaning from library cataloging origin of the term. wendy duff took it a step further to ask how particular ideas are represented in different ways that may give u a set of mandates to o things in particular ways for erecords.

parallel work to this in art history, etc., looking at iconography. how records are represented in still life paintings, etc.

i.e., affluence, mercantile prowess in art;  you ask why that person wanted to have that in the record

really important for research methods bc this field is in arts, humanities, science, engineering, social sciences: what makes up research evidence

why do people have the urge to write records of their lives (status updates)? is it universal, or cultural? cultural

reflexive culture
continuum thinking in china: knowledge continuum, others; interrelationship study; they call it comprehensive integration; pluralism; management and engineering; interrelationshps

cultural studies more personalized records

political angle
remember this! international and global initiatives reflect political structures

can only model from one perspective at a time

verne harris
research design archival theory building
he doesnt like "witnessing"
can't submit to proof
he's background in south africa contributes to this
functionality at a price

mckemmish is talking abt records and functionality
he's asking whose function do the records serve?
tension bt archive and Archive
argument abt precision and language
me: why couldnt he look thru her lens?
stacy: abt language and consequences of  making a general theory
helps to shape an intellectual discourse

also used in academic rebuttals

back story: risky bc it draws on fiction and the personal world
when journal contacted her, she said she nearly died
went to frank to ask for help
what does the maturation of a scholarly career look like
draw on other sources of evidence, take more risks
thaat work becomes lliterary warrant to work in that waay: this build oorr takes ame approach or challenges that work.

she was trying to shake up the field. it got reprinted and translated, etc.

upward: structure is both the medium and the outcome
based on giddens
Jerry Ham argued that archivists had to stop thinking of themselves as managers, but shapers

do conceptual come from

inductive: observe physical characteristics
deductive: develops a theory first

next week is all deductive work
this week inductive paradigm

physical vs nonphysical
we use the same vernacular

psychology of research babies develop hierarchies of

relationships of physical items to the concept
archival sliver Harris
trace does not capture the entire event
what the recordkeeper/archivist thinks is important abt the event. later, it takes on a universality that may not have been intended

records continuum model
axes encapsulate major themes in archival science, entities and concepts that make up archival work are there
each axis presents four coordinates linked through the dimensions
over time and space?

empirical instantiation of a straw-man model would be helpful

no model can represent everything, must declare that it is capable of doing, and not capable of doing. declare your standpoint

ICM: Oliver and Trace

Gillian Oliver is at Wellington
triangulations data
analysis/methods, Hoftstede, ICM to get the data

main difference: ICM elevates the idea of looking at records in time to information as it flows thru the time/space continuum
Typologies of ICM
Shauder, Stillman, Johanson (info mgmt people)
how information flows thru a system (any type of system)
levels of action: individual, collaborative, corporate, social
dimensions: creation, capture, organization, pluralization
agency attributes: human action, metadata, stored memory, technology
(these can be agents as well -- how technology plays into agency)
purposes: enjoyment, awareness, awareness, accountability (this has to do with motiavtion, which the recordkeeping model does not)
modalities (Giddens-based) interpretive, facilitative, normative
Gidden's action modalities
Giddens (1984) p. 29

presence of power is incorporated in ICM, but not RCM, which is why Oliver brings up Hofstede

Giddens v. Habermas
Hbermas thinks more of the system as sthg that is unchangeable by the individual; in ICM as based on interaction; through the discourse that change happens; network society, one person changes structure of society and collaboration (Wikipedia) that changes the structure of society

Bourdieu and Rushkoff
Harker (1990) p. 101
ICM model is based on Giddens--through individual action, you n change the structure
Habermas can't be used in the ICM if Gidden's premise of the individual action is true
Rushkoff enhances social capital with social currency
info itself is the glue of society it is what we build our relationships with in order to buy respect. financial in nature
Hofstede's cultural dimensions: power, individualism/collectivism, gender structured/unstructured, long-/short-term orientation

indiv v. collectivism, masculinity vs. femininity (achievement vs. care), uncertainty avoidance, pragmatism: long- v. short-term orientation, power distance

international distribution of these characteristics

6 issues in ppt doc
places where people "live" at work
social, content, process, communication
Cisco study

social graph: power of connections

Trace: difference bt use and purpose
purpose is what was in the head of the creator, but there are infinite uses
especially police records